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  • 解决我国集成房屋发展中存在的问题
  • 本站编辑:杭州劳宇集装箱移动板房有限公司发布日期:2019-08-15 09:55 浏览次数:
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现在集成房屋的使用广泛,也渐渐的让我们发现我国集成房屋在发展中存在的问题,要想适应国际集成房屋的发展方向,有几点是我们必须要重视的问题: 


  1.制定规范,统一标准 我国集成房屋方面的规范还未颁布,给设计人员工作开展造成很大困难。盲目采用AISC、EC等外国标准,又无法与国内规范衔接。所以,我们必须制定符合我国国情,基于极限状态理论的设计方法。集成房屋采用的各种材料标准,如墙体板材、门窗、屋面材料等在我国分属不同职能部门管理,造成各个标准各成其事,无法衔接。国家应根据集成房屋的特点,制定统一的协调标准,规范相关企业,生产出相互配套的构配件产品,便于设计人员选用。 


  2.标准化生产原则 集成房屋部件的多品种、多数量决定集成化的安装和工厂化的制作必须严格按照标准化的原则进行。因此,采用国际通行的”模数协调”原则和方法,是最必要的手段。模数协调的任务是制定生产各种房屋部品的生产规格寸,使各种房屋部品能准备无误的安装到指定的部位,并且不同企业生产的部件可以互换。其次,模数协调的原则是指导建筑师和工程师如何在自己设计的房屋工程中,可以保证选择的部件、设备能合理地安装在房屋工种中,并且不因此而妨碍工程师的创造能力,利用模数化的部件不断满足各类住户的居住需求,提高居住品质的要求。3.发展通用住宅建筑体系 


  目前我国建造的集成房屋大多为引进的外国企业技术。但欧、美、日本等国家企业标准本身存在差异,各专用体系呈现封闭和隔立状。我国应逐步进入通用住宅建筑体系的发展阶段,也就是进入到发展社会化协作大生产、市场化流通、集团化采购的方式,开发商可以通过市场的需求,由建筑师提供适应住户需要的住宅设计,通过市场供应的方式,建筑多样化、多类型的住宅,实现菜单式选择,满足客户的需要。五、结语 集成房屋在发达国家中占了30%以上,而我国集成房屋在全国住宅中只占了不到3%,因此有很大的发展前景。集成房屋的安全性、抗震防水性、重复使用性等多方面性能,最符合国家的节能环保政策导向。我们必须借助新农村建设这股东风,吸取国际先进经验,发展符合我国国情的节能环保集成房屋。做到设计专业化,生产标准化、构件模块化、配件通用化,并根据各地区实际情况,因地制宜的使用多种建材,带动地方建筑建材产业发展。我相信节能环保集成房屋在我国定能发展壮大,为新农村建设添砖加瓦! 


  以上就是集成房屋的小编给大家整理的内容了,希望对大家有所帮助。更多相关信息请大家访问:http://www.hzlaoyu.com。

Now integrated houses are widely used, and gradually we find problems in the development of integrated houses in China. In order to adapt to the development direction of international integrated houses, we must pay attention to the following issues:




China's standards for integrated housing have not been promulgated, causing great difficulties for designers to carry out their work. Blind use of AISC, EC and other foreign standards, and can not be linked with domestic standards. Therefore, we must develop a design method that conforms to China's national conditions and is based on the limit state theory. Integrated housing used by various material standards, such as wall plate, doors and Windows, roofing materials in China belong to different functional departments management, resulting in each standard into its own, can not be connected. According to the characteristics of integrated houses, the state should formulate unified standards for coordination, standardize relevant enterprises, and produce matching products of components and accessories for the convenience of designers.




2. Principle of standardized production the integrated installation and factory production of housing components shall be carried out in strict accordance with the principle of standardization due to their variety and quantity. Therefore, it is the most necessary means to adopt the internationally accepted principle and method of "modular coordination". The task of modular coordination is to formulate the production specifications of various building parts, so that all kinds of building parts can be prepared and installed to the designated parts without error, and the parts produced by different enterprises can be exchanged. Second, the principles of modular coordination is how architects and engineers in building engineering design, can guarantee, the equipment can be reasonably selected parts installed in the house work, and don't interfere with the engineer's creativity and therefore use of modular components continuously meet the needs of all kinds of residents living, improve the living quality requirements. 3. Develop a general residential building system




At present, most of the integrated houses built in China are imported technologies of foreign enterprises. However, there are differences in enterprise standards in Europe, the United States, Japan and other countries. Our country should gradually stepped into the stage of the development of common residential building system, namely into the development of social collaboration, production, market circulation of the group purchase way, developers can through the demand of the market, by the architect to provide residential design to satisfy the needs of the residents, through the way of market supply, building diversified, multi-type house, realization of menu choices, meet the needs of the customers. Integrated houses account for more than 30% in developed countries, while China's integrated houses account for less than 3% in the national housing market. The integrated house features such as safety, anti-seismic and waterproof, and reusability, which is in line with the national energy conservation and environmental protection policy guidance. We must take advantage of the new rural construction, draw on advanced international experience, and develop energy-saving and environment-friendly integrated houses in line with China's national conditions. To achieve professional design, production standardization, modular components, universal accessories, and according to the actual situation of each region, use a variety of building materials, driving the development of local building materials industry. I believe that energy saving and environmental protection integrated housing in China will be able to develop and expand, for the new rural construction!




Above is the integrated house small make up to you to sort out the content, hope to help you. More information can be found at http://www.hzlaoyu.com.


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